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Title:Prestige, humiliation and saving face: national identity and great power politics
Authors:Kassab, Hanna Samir (Author)
Language:Slovenian
Work type:Unknown
Tipology:1.01 - Original Scientific Article
Organization:MORS - MORS publications
Abstract:Članek zagovarja tezo, da je dinamika prestiža in ponižanja sila na sistemski ravni, ki oblikuje vedenje držav. Če psihološki dejavnik povežemo s strukturnim realizmom, ugotovimo, da močnejša, kot je država, bolj si lahko prizadeva, da bi preteklo ponižanje odpravila z agresivnimi dejanji, s katerimi si prizadeva za prestiž. Tako želi ponovno potrditi svojo moč in status, da bi izbrisala preteklo ponižanje in dosegla prestiž tudi na račun drugih. Obravnavani bodo trije zgodovinski primeri: izbris versajske pogodbe s strani nacistične Nemčije, kitajsko stoletje ponižanja in širitev Severnoatlantske zveze v Vzhodno Evropo proti Rusiji. V prispevku bo nato opredeljeno vedenje, ki omogoča tekmecu, da ohrani prestiž in se izogne ponižanju kot način za deeskalacijo napetosti.
Keywords:varnost, vojna, konflikti, konstruktivizem, teorija
Year of publishing:2024
UDC:327.51:355.02
article ISSN:2463-9575
COBISS_ID:193659395 Link is opened in a new window
Views:626
Downloads:8
Files:.pdf RAZ_Kassab_Hanna_Samir_i2024.pdf (468,44 KB)
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Secondary language

Language:English
Title:Prestiž, ponižanje in ohranjanje obraza: nacionalna identiteta in politika velikih sil
Abstract:This paper argues that a prestige-humiliation dynamic is a systems-level force that shapes state behavior. Connecting psychological factors to structural realism, we observe the following: the more powerful a state becomes, the more it could seek to overturn past humiliation through aggressive prestige-seeking acts. This is done to reassert its power and status to erase past humiliation and achieve prestige even at the expense of others. Three historical examples will be discussed: Nazi Germany’s erasure of the Treaty of Versailles, China’s Century of Humiliation, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization’s expansion into Eastern Europe against Russia. The paper will then define face-saving behavior, allowing a competitor to preserve prestige and avoid humiliation as a way to deescalate tension.
Keywords:security, war, conflicts, constructivism, theory

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